It is cyclic, hence a doubly serious concern globally. Let me cut to the All I want for Christmas is The Rolling Stones ugly Christmas shirt, sweater and I love this chase with the reasons on why poor people produce more children than they can afford to raise. I will try not to be country-specific, but most points may seem more relevant to developing countries, particularly India. They saw this in the previous generations, were taught so in the way they were raised, and thus it slowly got wired into their brains. Women must produce babies. It is their job, it is why they are given the favor of being brought into another family and fed. A “barren” woman would be immediately discarded and rejected even by a family that has no resources to raise a baby whatsoever. Somebody must keep the family name alive. More babies means more children to ensure the same. Again a traditional attitude. They never tried to ask why is this more important than improving their own condition, why is it important at all. They never tried to understand the (lack of) logic behind it. What would their descendants do? Conquer the world? Run a family business? Make their name immortal? No. They would just make sure that they produce more generations of poorer, unhealthier, more unfortunate people. But no, the surname must live on. This is crucial in the entire scheme of things. For most poor people, a girl-child is still something to be ashamed of. If they don’t kill her, they will use her as a domestic servant they have to marry off some years later, or in the worst cases, sell her off. But it wouldn’t stop there. They would again try for a child, until they get a son. Sad, but true. The desire is usually for a boy, of course. He can do hard labor, he can help the father in his little work, he can go around without the family being scared for his safety, he can protect the family a little more. If it’s a girl child, she could help the mother in the kitchen and in household chores. Some of the more open-minded parents do believe in educating their children well so that they build for themselves a better life. But a lot of them, especially those who do not want their child to study, still think this way. She is a wife, a daughter-in-law, and a baby-producing machine. And that’s it. There is no concern for her health and what producing too many children does to her body. She has no say in this. Even if she dies, she can be replaced.